Do you feel hungry, especially after eating?
Are you experiencing frequent urination?
Do you experience tingling or loss of sensation in the palms or feet?
The above problems might be the sign and symptoms of high blood sugar. Get treatment for diabetes at the right time from a physician with a specialization in medicine.
It will be great to book an appointment with Dr Mukesh Mahajan, one of the leading general physician in Keshav Nagar, Pune, with 11+ years of experience. His main specializations include General Medicine, Critical Care Medicine, and Minor surgical treatments. He has completed M.B.B.S, M.D., D.N.B., I.D.C.C.M., and F.I.C.M.
Dr. Mukesh Mahajan is the medical head of Phoenix Multispeciality Clinic and consultant in various multi-speciality clinics in Karadi and Mundwa. He will help you manage and control your high blood sugar level with proper diabetes management in Keshav Nagar, Pune.
What is Diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes is an ailment that occurs when your blood sugar or blood glucose is too high. Blood glucose is the primary and main source of energy that comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone created by the pancreas, allows glucose from food into your cells to be used for energy.
Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough or no insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. Glucose then remains in the blood and doesn’t transfer to your cells.
Over time, having higher glucose levels in your blood can cause diabetes or other health problems. Although diabetes has no cure, you can take steps to manage your diabetes with your physician and stay healthy.
What are the types of diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes:
Type I diabetes occurs when the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas (beta cells) are damaged. It lets the pancreas to make less or no insulin. So, sugar can't get into the body cells for use as energy.
Patients with Type 1 diabetes need insulin injections to control their blood glucose levels. It is a common type of diabetes in people under 30 years, but it can occur at any age. Ten per cent of people are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes:
In Type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin, but it either doesn't make adequate or doesn't function properly.
Nine out of ten patients with diabetes are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. This type occurs mostly in people over 40 years of age but can occur even in childhood if risk factors are present.
You can control Type 2 diabetes by managing your diet and weight with proper exercise. However, the treatment also includes oral glucose-lowering medications or insulin injections.
Other types of diabetes may result from pregnancy (gestational diabetes), surgery, certain medications, various illnesses, and other specific causes.
How is diabetes diagnosed?
1 . Urine analysis
A urine test may show high blood glucose levels. Your physician may suspect that you have diabetes if your blood glucose level is higher than 200 mg/dL. To verify the diagnosis, your doctor will order some additional tests.
2 . Glycated haemoglobin (A1C) test:
For the A1C test, you do not have to be fasting. The A1C test calculates your average blood sugar levels for the past two to three months. It measures the amount of blood sugar attached to haemoglobin.
The higher your blood sugar, the more will be the haemoglobin with sugar attached. An A1C level of 6.5% or higher on two separate tests shows that you have diabetes. An A1C between 5.7% to 6.4 % indicates pre-diabetes. Below, 5.7% is considered normal.
3 . Fasting blood sugar test:
A fasting blood sugar test is performed when you have not eaten or taken any fluids for at least eight hours. Regular fasting blood sugar is less than 100 mg/dl (5.6 mmol/l).
4 . Oral glucose tolerance test:
Before the test, your doctor will take your blood sample. They will then ask you to drink a liquid containing a specific amount of glucose. Your blood will be retaken every 30 to 60 minutes after you drink the solution. The test may take up to three hours.
How is diabetes managed?
There is no cure for diabetes, but we can treat and manage it. The goals of controlling diabetes are to:
- Maintain normal blood glucose levels by balancing food intake with medication and exercise. You should monitor your blood glucose levels at home.
- Keep your blood cholesterol and triglyceride (lipid) levels as normal levels as possible.
- Maintain your blood pressure below 140/90.
- Decrease or possibly limit the development of diabetes-related health problems.
- You should take the prescribed medicines and closely follow the guidelines on how and when to take them.
- Keeping your appointments with your physician and having laboratory tests completed as ordered by them.
What causes diabetes?
- Family history of diabetes
- Personal history of gestational diabetes
- Injury to the pancreas (such as infection, tumour, surgery, or accident).
- Autoimmune disease
- Age (risk increases with age)
- High blood pressure
- Abnormal blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels
- Being overweight
- Use of certain medications, including steroids
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The symptoms of diabetes include:
- Increased thirst
- Increased hunger (particularly after eating)
- Dry mouth
- Frequent urination
- Unexplained weight loss
- Weak, tired feeling
- Blurred vision
- Numbness or tingling in the palms or feet
- Slow-healing sores or cuts
- Dry and itchy skin
- Frequent yeast infections or urinary tract infections.
What are some of the chronic complications of high blood glucose levels?
1 . Retinopathy (eye disease):
Every diabetic patient should consult an ophthalmologist (eye specialist) for a dilated eye examination.
2 . Nephropathy (kidney disease):
All patients with patients should perform Urine testing every year. Regular blood pressure checks are also crucial because high blood pressure management is essential in slowing kidney disease.
The American Diabetes Association suggests keeping blood pressure below 140/90 for most adults. Persistent swelling in the leg or feet may also indicate kidney disease. So, you should report to your doctor.
3 . Neuropathy (nerve disease):
You should inform your doctor about the numbness, tingling, redness, calluses, or cracks in your feet at your regular visits.
Visit us at Phoenix Multispeciality Clinic in Keshav Nagar, Pune, or book an appointment with our experienced General Physician Dr, Mukesh Mahajan. He will provide the best suitable treatment for all your acute to chronic disorders.