Understanding COVID-19 Symptoms and Prevention

Before starting, please note that this is a general overview compiled for initial self-assessment only and may vary for each individual.

Dr. Mukesh Mahajan Created on 28th Dec, 20

We have mentioned the day to day symptoms you may feel if you are infected with COVID-19.


Before starting, please note that this is a general overview compiled for initial self-assessment only and may vary for each individual.


If you are not feeling well, you must immediately consult a general physician to have an accurate diagnosis of COVID-19.


Symptoms of COVID-19

Let's say you were exposed to COVID-19, after having a meet up with friends. We know that it takes between 2 to 14 days for someone who is exposed to begin to show symptoms. So, you should stay home and watch for signs for at least 14 days.


Common symptoms are:

  • Cough
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fever, chills
  • Muscle pain
  • Sore throat
  • Loss of taste or smell


Some people can also experience nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea.


After 14 days of exposure, you show no symptoms. This means you can now return to normal activities.


Now let us take another example.

Sandra was exposed to COVID-19 on April 3rd. When she found out, she stayed home and watched for symptoms. Seven days later, on April 10th, Sandra started coughing. Two days later, on April 12th, she had a fever.


People with COVID-19 who have isolated at home can leave under the following conditions.

  • No fever for approximately 72 hours that is three full days of no fever without the use of medicine that reduces fevers.
  • Other symptoms have improved, for example, when their cough or shortness of breath has improved.
  • Approximately 10 days have passed since their symptoms first appeared.


To figure out when Sandra can leave isolation, we have to look at when her symptoms went away.


Her fever went away on April 18th. Three days later is April 21st. Her cough and other symptoms were gone on April 20th, ten days after her symptoms started on April 10th.


Of these three dates, Sandra has to wait until the latest date to leave isolation. The latest date is April 21st. That is when she can return to normal activities.


So how do you take care of yourself and make sure that you do not go through the above symptoms?


Prevention of COVID-19

We do know there are several everyday precautions you can take to help avoid infection. Currently, the best thing you can do is avoid exposure to the virus and other illnesses.

  • Stay home and limit contact with those outside your household.
  • Avoid non-essential errands visits and stay at home.
  • When you do travel practice social distancing by keeping at least 6 feet away from others
  • A face covering should be borne when in public, especially when social distancing measures are challenging to maintain.
  • You must avoid touching your face and carry a small bottle of hand sanitiser that contains at least 60% alcohol in your car or bag.
  • Use sanitiser until you can properly wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20
  • seconds when you return home, wash your hands as soon as possible.
  • Regular disinfecting and cleaning of frequently touched objects and surfaces can help prevent coronavirus and other contagious illnesses.
  • If you are wearing a reusable cloth face covering, be sure to wash it after each. It would help if you did not reuse disposable face coverings.


If you feel sick contact your doctor and follow their care instructions until you are fully recovered.


Remember that everyone reacts differently to stressful conditions, and that's okay take time to focus on yourself and your well-being. Read a good book, watch a show which makes you laugh or call your family and friends to chat.

If you need additional medical support contact a licensed general health specialist.