Malaria - Prevention and Control of the disease

Malaria is a mosquito-borne illness that causes death. Every year, about 210 million people are afflicted with malaria. Read on to view the full details.

Dr. Mukesh Mahajan Created on 7th Jul, 21

Malaria is a mosquito-borne illness that causes death. Every year, about 210 million people are afflicted with malaria, with 440,000 people dying due to the disease. 

A patient with malaria would often have a high temperature, feel unwell, and have shivering chills. Worst of all, young children are the ones who die the most from this sickness.

 

In Indian territory, malaria is a widespread complication. That is the reason people here search for proper treatment. If you reside in Pune, you can visit Dr. Mukesh Mahajan, a well-known general physician in Keshav Nagar, Pune, for treatment. 

 

Who are highly affected?

Malaria has a significant influence on the health of babies, small children, and pregnant women all around the world. Malaria also causes malnutrition in children, responsible for the mortality of half of all children under the age of five worldwide. 

 

Every year, malaria affects 50 million pregnant women throughout the world. Malaria is responsible for one-fourth of all severe maternal anemia cases and 20% of all low-birthweight infants in malaria-endemic areas. 

 

Scientists are striving to better understand how malaria affects children and pregnant women and develop novel research instruments, methodologies, and products tailored to these groups.

 

Malaria is spread through the bloodstream via the following routes:

  • Transplantation of an organ
  • A blood transfusion is required
  • Sharing needles or syringes is prohibited

Now let us discuss the signs and symptoms of malaria:

  • High fever
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headaches
  • Diarrhoea
  • Stools that are bloody
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Muscle ache
  • Sweating profusely

How does the diagnostics go?

For malaria to be effectively controlled, new and better diagnostics are required. Currently, the most reliable method for diagnosing malaria is labour-intensive, requiring highly educated professionals to evaluate blood smears using microscopes, as it has been for the last century. 

 

Such microscopic examination takes time, is of varying quality, is difficult to apply in resource-constrained field situations, and does not reveal medication resistance. 

 

Malaria prevention:

The best way to avoid contracting this disease is to protect yourself from mosquito bites/mosquitoes. If you live in or plan to visit a malaria-prone area, take precautions to avoid mosquito bites. 

 

Furthermore, the likelihood of severity varies from person to person, based on their physical state and medical history. Here are some of the things you may do to keep malaria at bay and prevent it from spreading further.

  • Wear protective gear with a full sleeve.
  • You can use insect repellents on any exposed skin. 
  • If your bedroom isn't air-conditioned or screened, drape a mosquito net over the bed. You may treat the mosquito net with the pesticide permethrin for added protection.
  • In addition to spraying insect repellants on your exposed skin, you may also spray insect repellants on your clothing when you go out. Mosquitoes are attracted to light clothes and may easily bite through them.
  • Keep your house and surroundings free of garbage and waste.
  • Keep an eye out for signs like fever and a high temperature when managing the sickness. Consult your doctor as soon as you notice any probable indications of malaria.

 

Ensure your windows and doors are closed at night since mosquitoes are more active and offer more significant risk. You can enclose your window with a mosquito net or any other net and then leave it open for the entire day.

 

You can take proper medications depending on the condition and prescription. You visit your nearby doctor at the best multispecialty clinic in Keshav Nagar, Pune.

 

If you use sunscreen regularly, make sure you apply it first and then use an insect repellent. Also, sunscreen with an SPF of 30-50 is recommended.

 

Obey the doctor's instructions. It implies that if your doctor has prescribed a two-week course, you must adhere to the prescription and drugs for the whole two-week period.

 

There is currently no over-the-counter malaria treatment available. As a result, the only method to treat this condition is to take all necessary safeguards and safety precautions.

 

Although the disease is not as frequent in temperate climates, it can spread quickly if adequate precautions are not taken. If you're a business person who frequently travels across the world for meetings and conferences, or if you're a travelling companion, try to take these precautions before and after your trip.