Hypertension - causes and treatment in Keshav Nagar, Pune

Hypertension is an intricacy where the blood's power on the dividers of your conduit so solid that it can create wellbeing concerns like heart difficulties. Read on to know more.

Dr. Mukesh Mahajan Created on 18th Jun, 21

Hypertension is a complication in which the blood's force on the walls of your artery so strong that it can produce health concerns like heart complications.

High blood pressure can develop without causing any symptoms for a long time. However, increased high blood pressure raises your risk of significant health problems such as heart attack and stroke. That is why many people in Keshav Nagar, Pune, want to have proper treatment for hypertension. 

 

The volume of blood your heart pumps, as well as the degree of obstruction to blood flow in your arteries, affect your blood pressure. If you are experiencing hypertension signs, you must visit Dr. Mukesh Mahajan's clinic, the best general physician clinic in Pune.

 

So, what are the causes? 

High blood pressure may be divided into two categories.

 

Primary hypertension (essential)

There is no known cause of elevated blood pressure in most individuals. However, primary (essential) hypertension is a kind of high blood pressure that develops gradually over several years.

 

Hypertension that develops as a result of something else

An underlying disease can produce high blood pressure in certain persons. Secondary hypertension is high blood pressure that abruptly and causes more significant blood pressure than initial hypertension. Secondary hypertension can occur due to a variety of diseases and medicines, including:

  • Sleep apnea
  • Kidney complications
  • Tumours of the adrenal gland
  • Thyroid issues
  • Specific blood vessel abnormalities
  • Birth control pills
  • Decongestants
  • Cold treatments
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers
  • Prescription medicines are examples of drugs
  • Illegal drugs

Now let us see the signs of the disease:

Hypertension signs

Even when blood pressure measurements reach dangerously high levels, most patients show no signs or symptoms.

 

Headaches, nose bleeds, and shortness of breath are common signs and symptoms of high blood pressure, but they aren't specific. In addition, they typically don't appear until the condition has progressed to a severe or life-threatening level.

 

Now let us focus on hypertension treatment:

High blood pressure may be controlled and managed by altering your lifestyle. Your doctor may advise you to adopt the following lifestyle changes -

  • Consuming a low-salt, heart-healthy diet
  • Physical activity 
  • Maintaining a healthy weight or, if overweight or obese, decreasing weight.
  • Keeping your alcohol consumption to a minimum

 

However, lifestyle modifications aren't always sufficient. If diet and exercise don't work, your doctor may prescribe blood pressure medication.

 

Medications

As the best general physician in Pune, your doctor, as the best general physician in Pune, recommends the sort of high blood pressure medication determined by your blood pressure readings and general health. 

 

If you have high blood pressure, your treatment target should be less than 130/80 mm Hg in the following cases -

  • You're a 65-year-old healthy adult.
  • You're a healthy adult under 65 with a 10% or greater chance of getting cardiovascular disease in the following ten years.
  • You have diabetes, chronic renal disease, or coronary artery disease.
  • Inquire with your doctor about your blood pressure treatment goals. Also, especially if you're over 65, the optimum blood pressure treatment target might change with age and other circumstances.

 

Home cures and healthy lifestyle tips to control hypertension:

Even if you're on blood pressure medication, lifestyle modifications can help you control and avoid high blood pressure. Here are some options -

 

Consume nutritious foods: Eat a diet that is good for your heart. The DASH diet, which emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, chicken, fish, and low-fat dairy foods, is an excellent place to start. In addition, potassium is a mineral that can help prevent and regulate high blood pressure. Also, consume fewer saturated and trans fats.

 

Reduce the amount of salt in your diet: Limit salt intake to fewer than 2,300 milligrams (mg) per day. However, a lower salt consumption of 1,500 mg or less per day is recommended for most individuals.

 

Maintain a healthy BMI: Maintaining a healthy weight or reducing weight if you're overweight. It can help you to control your high blood pressure and reduce your chance of developing complications.

 

Increase your level of physical exercise: Regular physical activity can help you decrease your blood pressure, manage stress, maintain a healthy weight, and minimize your risk of various health problems.

 

Alcohol consumption: Even if you're in good health, drinking alcohol might cause your blood pressure to rise. So, consume alcohol in moderation if you wish to do so. 

 

Get rid of tension: As much as possible, reduce your tension. Muscle relaxation, deep breathing, and mindfulness are examples of suitable coping methods. Regular physical activity and adequate sleep might also assist.