When a patient visits Dr. Mukesh Mahajan, one of the best general physician in Keshav Nagar, Pune, he will address the patient’s symptoms and conduct all necessary tests.
If the patient is diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, Dr. Mahajan will develop a treatment plan tailored to the patient's needs to slow the disease's progression. Besides, he will also prescribe one of the most efficient and safest Alzheimer's treatment.
This blog covers topics related to Alzheimer's disease, including symptoms, diagnosis, and more.
First, let’s know,
What is Alzheimer's disease, and How does it affect people?
Alzheimer's disease is a type of a degenerative condition that affects the brain. It is a form of dementia that gets worse over time.
Dementia is a broad term for disorders that impair memory, perception, and behavior triggered by brain damage or illnesses. These changes obstruct day-to-day activities.
The degeneration of brain neurons is visible histologically. The presence of neurofibrillary tangles and plaques having beta-amyloid are highly visible in the cerebral cortex.
Now, let’s see,
Alzheimer's Disease Symptoms
From time to time, everyone has episodes of forgetfulness. Patients with Alzheimer's disease, on the other hand, exhibit certain habits and effects that intensify over time. It may include the following:
- Memory failure interfering with daily activities.
- Challenges in doing routine activities.
- Difficulties in problem-solving.
- Expression or writing difficulties.
- Confused about the time or place.
- Changes in temperament and attitude.
- Loss of interest from friends, relatives, and the community.
The signs and symptoms of the condition change as the disease progresses.
Now, let’s discuss the,
Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease
During the consultation with one of the best doctor in Pune, they will perform different examinations to assess the patient’s mental capacity and rule out any disorders.
They will probably start by taking the patient’s medical records and asking questions about:
- Signs and symptoms
- Current or previous health problems
- Family medical history
- Existing or previous prescriptions
- Diet, alcohol consumption, and other lifestyle patterns
Following that, the doctor will perform or order a series of tests to diagnose whether the patient has Alzheimer's disease, including:
- Physical exam
- Mental status test
- Blood and urine tests
- Neurological examination
- Imaging tests
- CT scan
- MRI scan
- PET scan
Now, let’s discuss the,
Alzheimer’s Disease Treatment and Medication
- Alzheimer's disease has no proven permanent treatment. On the other hand, the doctor will prescribe medicines and other interventions to help the patient cope with the disease's effects and slow down its development.
- Further, the doctor may prescribe donepezil or rivastigmine for early to mid-stage Alzheimer's disease. These medications will keep acetylcholine levels in the brain up. It is a form of neurotransmitter that can help the patient remember things.
- The doctor can prescribe memantine to treat mild to severe Alzheimer's disease. Memantine helps in blocking excessive glutamate. Glutamate is a brain chemical released in higher amounts in Alzheimer's disease, causing brain cell damage.
- Besides, to alleviate the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease, the doctor can recommend antidepressants, antianxiety, or antipsychotic medicines.
Now, let’s understand the,
Different Stages of Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer's disease gradually progresses in three stages: mild (early stage), moderate (middle-stage), and severe (late-stage). Alzheimer's disease has a variety of effects on humans. Symptoms can vary from patient to patient as Alzheimer's progress.
Mild stage Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's patients will be able to operate independently in the early stages of the disease. They will continue to work, travel, and participate in social events. Despite this, the patient may experience memory problems, such as forgetting common locations or the placement of everyday items.
Middle stage Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's disease in the moderate stage will last for years. As the patient's situation worsens, the patient may need immediate medical care.
Patients in the intermediate stage may have more difficulties doing activities such as paying bills. However, they can recall important information from their lives.
Severe stage Alzheimer's disease
Patients lose their ability to adapt to their surroundings, carry on a conversation, and eventually monitor activity in the final stage. They will even be able to utter a few sentences or phrases. However, communication can become a challenge.
Significant personality differences can arise as memory, and cognitive abilities deteriorate, and patients may need substantial assistance with everyday tasks.
Let’s know the,
Causes and Risk Factors of Alzheimer’s disease
According to experts, Alzheimer's disease has no known cause. However, they have identified various risk factors, including:
Genetics: Alzheimer's disorder is linked to specific genes.
Age: The majority of Alzheimer's patients are 65 years or older.
Family medical history: If the patient has a blood relative who has contracted the disease, the patient is more likely to inherit it.
Having one or more of these risk factors does not guarantee that the patient will develop Alzheimer's disease. It merely raises the risk factor.
If anyone in your family has Alzheimer's disease, you might want to try being their caregiver. It is a full-time job that is not simple but can be very rewarding.
Being a caregiver necessitates a wide range of abilities, including patience, energy, and the desire to find the pleasure of assisting others to live as comfortably as possible.
If you want to be a caregiver, you will need the help of professional caregivers and family members.