Diabetes and COVID-19 - Onset Symptoms, Effects and Complications

Following recovery from COVID-19, 25 to 30% of those treated in hospitals for severe symptoms developed diabetes or had high blood sugar levels. Read on to view the full details.

Dr. Mukesh Mahajan Created on 1st Aug, 21

Are you suffering from Diabetes? 

Do you fear you may get covid-19? 

Not sure about the symptoms? 

Do not worry visit the famous general physician in Keshav Nagar, Pune to learn more about your condition. Here, we have discussed various aspects of covid-19 and diabetes. 


Is COVID-19 linked to diabetes?

Coronavirus infection can lead to inflammation, hormone imbalances, blood clots, and other major health problems. Blood sugar levels are raised in specific asymptomatic, mild, moderate, and seriously affected people.


It is probable that these patients had prediabetes (high blood sugar levels that are not diabetes) or had a preexisting problem before contracting SARS-CoV-2, as steroid and insulin-dependent treatment produced diabetes. COVID-19 can impact blood sugar levels that make diabetes in certain patients, and this effect may last for the rest of their lives.


After recovering from COVID-19, 25 to 30 percent of people treated in hospitals for severe symptoms acquired diabetes or had high blood sugar levels.


According to new research, coronavirus spike protein can harm pancreatic beta cells, which secrete insulin. When these cells are damaged, the pancreas cannot maintain normal blood sugar levels and regulate glucose in the body's cells.


What are the diabetic warning signals to look for during and after a COVID-19 infection?


Respiratory viral infection can raise blood sugar levels; these are warning indicators that a person may have developed diabetes mellitus while infected with COVID-19 or after recovery: 

  • Persistent urination and thirst that is extreme (diabetes insipidus)
  • Blurred eyesight and a general lack of alertness
  • Cuts and wounds heal slowly.
  • Extreme exhaustion


Is COVID-19 a risk factor for you if you have diabetes?

Diabetes patients may have a weakened immune system, decreasing the body's ability to heal from disease or infection, shortening recovery time. Uncontrolled diabetes can harm the body, causing inflammation in healthy cells and resulting in physiological function deterioration.


Those who have diabetes and those who do not have diabetes are both at risk of contracting SARS-CoV-2. According to current statistics, diabetes patients are more prone to have severe symptoms and high blood sugar levels after being infected with COVID-19.


Why is the coronavirus (COVID-19) so hazardous to people with diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus is a set of disorders that develop due to an unregulated blood sugar level in the body. Excess sugar in the bloodstream can harm you and cause significant health concerns.


Diabetic patients are already at risk for problems such as nerve damage (neuropathy), kidney damage (nephropathy), eye damage (retinopathy), skin illnesses, cardiovascular disease, and so on.


In persons with diabetes who have uncontrolled blood sugar levels, viral infections can cause internal swelling or inflammation, leading to severe symptoms, complications, and coronavirus reinfection.


Is it possible for a diabetic patient to recover from COVID-19?

A diabetic patient can recover COVID-19. According to recent research, nearly 90% of diabetic patients with well-controlled blood sugar levels healed without developing severe problems or symptoms if recognized and treated promptly. Patients with well-controlled diabetes who were hospitalized recovered quickly and were less likely to suffer problems after their discharge.


Diabetic people with uncontrolled diabetes are more likely to have severe symptoms if they become infected with a virus. These people may have issues in the future, which is why it's critical to monitor blood sugar levels regularly and treat them appropriately to avoid an emergency.


How can you prevent diabetes if you have recovered from COVID-19?

The person has likely lost a lot of weight as a result of their disease. The goal of regaining former weight should be to grow muscle rather than lose weight, and individuals should aim to retain their BMI (body mass index) between 23 and 25.


The most crucial elements in a person's post-covid rehabilitation are daily walking, eating a nutritious, fibre-rich diet, avoiding sugared beverages, consuming less sugar, and avoiding smoking and alcohol.


People diagnosed with prediabetes during COVID-19 should follow a diet and exercise plan recommended by a dietitian and physician to reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes while still maintaining insulin sensitivity and a healthy weight.


People who have recovered while in-home isolation or hospitalized for treatment should monitor blood sugar levels every three months to 12 months after covid recovery. If there is no improvement, visit the best multispecialty clinic in Keshav Nagar, Pune to avoid going into an emergency medical situation.